Another name of cocoa in Bahasa Indonesia is cokelat. During the Dutch colonization, cacao trees were introduced and planted in Indonesia. There were two varieties of cocoa that were brought by the Dutch, including criollo and forastero type. One of the reasons Dutch brought cocoa to Indonesia is because of its unique climate.

Cocoa is primary commodity Indonesian farmers grow. The number of cacao plantations is increasing during the past 20 years. Java, Bali and Sulawesi Islands are the center of cocoa production in Indonesia. Cocoa butter produced from Indonesian beans has a high melting point, which is why Indonesian cocoa is suitable for blending with other products.